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smooth sumac vs staghorn sumac

Staghorn Sumac tends to have less pubescence. (Below) The base of the trunk on Sumac tends to be smooth. If fact, it is rich in its contributions to the environment. Smooth Sumac and Staghorn Sumac are common "roadside" plants in North America. Poison Sumac is not so prevalent in the Piedmont region of NC and is even less so in the Mountains. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), above, is smooth just like its name. How plants act may be unique to the conditions presented by your landscape/site. Staghorn sumac: ZBAS: 8: I just noticed that this flower is basically done recently. I am fortunate. It is one of the primary native woody nuisances that moves into prairies in Missouri, where its dense colonies eliminate other native species. In Missouri, staghorn sumac (introduced from states to our north and east) occurs along railroads, highways, and other open, disturbed areas. Conversely it is also very important to be able to correctly identify beneficial native plants that may look very similar to an invasive plant species. Some other popular variations include the staghorn sumac, African sumac, smooth sumac and fragrant sumac. They can be Bad! Properly managing invasive species is a task that many within the conservation world deal with on a regular basis. Being able to properly identify invasive species of plants is crucial so effective action can be taken to remove or manage the identified species. Tree-of-Heaven has been identified as the host plant for the Spotted Lanternfly and can be removed and control by several eradication methods. In Missouri, staghorn sumac (introduced from states to our north and east) occurs along railroads, highways, and other … August 1, 2015 at 7:34 PM Tree-of-Heaven has been identified as the host plant for the Spotted … Musakhan - A Palestinian national dish comprised of Taboun bread layered with onions, olive oil, … Sharing a genus with poison sumac (Rhus vernix) has unnecessarily blackballed staghorn sumac (R. typhina) from inclusion in many landscape plans. If you can reach the leaves or a stem of the tree and break off a leaf or small twig you will be able to decipher which plant you have encountered. The best way to identify both of these plants is by the clusters of BB-sized, white berries that persist on the plants for much of the season. Unlike the staghorn sumac, it has smooth, hairless stems and fruit. Anacardiaceae Family: Staghorn sumac is a U.S. native, deciduous, large shrub to small tree that can attain a height of 30-35 feet. The Smooth Sumac and Shining Sumac are smooth both on the twigs and the fruits. Johnson’s Nursery provides Retail sales and Landscape design/build services from our Menomonee Falls headquarters. Fragrant sumac (a.k.a. All three of the species occupy similar early successional niches in our native ecosystem. Staghorn and smooth sumac have more than 13 leaflets, and the leaflets have a serrated edge. Another edible variety of Sumac and there are many is Sicilian Sumac is said to have the best flavour of them all. Three species of sumac look very similar in form and habit and are found commonly on the roadsides, in the hedgerows and along the woods edges in Wisconsin. The Staghorn and Smooth Sumac likes well drained … They are amazing plants for pollinators and overlooked by almost everyone! It is related to poison ivy and poison oak. The fruit of staghorn sumac is a red fuzzy droop, a fleshy fruit with thin skin and central stone containing the seed. The suckering Sumacs not only form large individual masses but they form mounds that imitate the rolling hills of Wisconsin. Shining sumac (Rhus copallina) is … The twigs on poison sumac are smooth; those on staghorn sumac are covered in tiny hairs. The Staghorn and Smooth Sumac likes well drained hilly areas, though they are often by water - just not in standing water or soaked land. However, like Eastwood’s good side in the movie, these same species can sooth us as we drive by on the freeway in a race to wherever. Dwarf sumac can have the same number of leaflets as poison sumac, but the leaf stalk has “wings”, as show in figure 3, in keeping with its alternate name, winged sumac. Properly distinguishing “look-alikes” ensures that native plants are not mistakenly removed or chemically treated during management projects. Smooth Sumac has none of the hair on the leaves. Canadian Species . It grows as a suckering groundcover and vine. First, it is not a great idea to forage for sumac along roads or highways, even though the bushes are often full of fruit. Usually grows in masses and suckers profusely. They accentuate our beautiful topography and add rich oranges and reds to it each fall. Anacardiaceae Family: Staghorn sumac is a U.S. native, deciduous, large shrub to small tree that can attain a height of 30-35 feet. Poison Sumac looks similar to Smooth Sumac but only grows in swamps where Smooth Sumac doesn’t grow. To be safe, DO NOT touch a Sumac unless you see the red berry clusters like in the included picture below. Proper plant identification is one of the many skill sets NJ Audubon staff use to ensure that we are undertaking stewardship activities and managing habitat to produce the most positive ecological results. Bud Color - Gray-brown. (Pictured below) Staghorn Sumac shown below: Tree of Heaven on the other hand has a distictive bud scar shown below: The base of the trunk on Sumac tends to be smooth… Don't bother with anything that looks like a Sumac if it is damp or wet in the … Bright green summer leaves can grow up to 2 feet long and have a bold texture. I have seen it attach itself to trees and climb 30’ or more. It has stunning, bright gold, summer foliage and a less aggressive suckering habit. Staghorn sumac has alternate, compound leaves, 40 to 60 cm (16 to 24") long. Now, however, we are getting back to discovering the truth behind this plant. The Poison Sumac has white, green or grey colored berries. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), above, is smooth just like its name. Some very nice rubs and beds too. How to Identify Staghorn or Smooth Sumac. It’s what makes hundreds of acres of golden wheat next to hundreds of acres of verdant corn a picture of solace. Both Sumac and Tree of Heaven are in flower in northeast Ohio, which in fact is one of the best ways to tell them apart. Staghorn sumac parts were used in similar medicinal remedies. Here are the four key items to look for in order to positively identify staghorn and smooth sumac (taken from my previous article): Compound Toothed Leaves: Both species have pinnately compound leaves with serrated edges. Smooth sumac occurs in open woods, brushy areas along roadsides, and fencerows. In eastern Canada, the most familiar species is staghorn sumac (R. typhina), so named because its hairy twigs resemble stags' … Staghorn Sumac has leaves that have a hairy leaf stem and rachis, the stem that the leaflets are attached to. Geographic Distribution Tiger Eyes has foliage that is dissected, giving it a more fine textured, ferny foliage effect. ckly identify the tree, even if at a distance. Poison sumac leaflets have smooth margins and don’t have a winged main stem while non-poisonous sumacs may have serrations on the leaf margins and a winged main … Also, Tree-of-Heaven leaflets contain one or more glands that can be found at the base of the leaflet. Every time I hear Clint Eastwood in the news, it brings to mind his movie, "The Good, the Bad and the Ugly". This is Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina). The family also includes cashew, smoke tree, mango, pistachio, poison ivy and several cultivated tropical ornamentals. I am not susceptible to the rash. Staghorn Sumac is a unique shrub, named for the hairy stems that look like velvet on a stag's antlers. Some describe it as rancid peanut butter or burnt rubber. The leaves of the three species differ slightly as well. About Sumac. multibeard Premium Member. (Pictured below) Staghorn Sumac tends to have less pubescence. That fuzz is the source of the name staghorn; the stems resemble velvet-covered new antlers. If films were made for and by plants, I think Sumacs would have had the leading roles in the slightly different but photosynthetically correct version of a movie called, The Good, the Bad and the Beautiful. Diseases or insects do not seem to bother these three sumacs with the exception of Verticillium Wilt on Shining Sumac and Staghorn Sumac in heavy soils. It is difficult in summer (swarm control bee checking today!) From Nova Scotia to Lake Huron. Staghorn Sumac does tend to retain its fruit through the winter. Uncle Boopoo, Oct 23, 2011. The cultivar ‘Gro-Low’ was selected by Ralph Synnesvedt of Glenview, Illinois for its low stature. Shining Sumac has wings on the rachis and is so shiny it looks like the leaves have been waxed. Rhus glabra, the smooth sumac, (also known as white sumac, upland sumac, or scarlet sumac) is a species of sumac in the family Anacardiaceae, native to North America, from southern Quebec west to southern British Columbia in Canada, and south to northern Florida and Arizona in the United States and Tamaulipas in … Not all possible situations are covered. The first step before eating any wild edible is to positively identify it. Its fall color is spectacular, with intense scarlet, oranges and reds. Poison Sumac (Toxicodendron vernix, formerly Rhus vernix), Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans, formerly Rhus radicans). Smooth Sumac vs Staghorn Sumac. They typically get 10-20’ tall and sucker to form colonies usually about 20-30’ across. Ailanthus seeds photo by  Chuck Bargeron, University of Georgia, bugwood.org) and TOH and SUMAC Comparison photo by Jenny Bull. Thank you for clearing up this issue with both words and photographs. Johnson’s Nursery, Inc.™ is a third generation, family-owned business. It has alternate, compound leaves, 16 to 24 inches long. A couple of days ago I wrote about gathering and preserving rhus glabra, or smooth sumac, a departure from my usual rhus typhina, or staghorn sumac.These are only two of the roughly thirty five species of red berried rhuses, and as far as I can tell, their flavours are similar enough that they can be … Looking For Prices & Quantities? (in the middle) Tree of Heaven on the other hand is very hairy. Sumacs are incredible! Winged Sumac, Rhus copallina , also bears dark … Scarlet sumac) Although all sumac sold for consumption is safe to eat, there is also a poisonous form of the plant found in the wild, which is identifiable by its white berries and drooping leaves in contrast to edible sumac’s bold red berries. Seems like every time I find a tucked away patch of staghorn sumac in SLP, there's always deer sign. It also spreads by ground suckers to form a colony. The staghorn sumac commonly grows a few inches higher than the smooth sumac, but has few other apparent differences (Angier [2008] 1974: 224). The three species differ in several ways. Staghorn Sumac, Smooth Sumac, and Shining Sumac are all native to Wisconsin. Tree-of-Heaven is on the left, and staghorn sumac is on the right. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and … With the recent announcement that Spotted Lanternfly has been confirmed in New Jersey, NJA is republishing a blog post from 2017 regarding how to properly identify the non-native and highly invasive Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima ) from native sumacs. I will wash my clothes separately this evening when I get home. The leaves of the three species differ slightly as well. Though they are nearly identical in appearance and growing conditions, Rhus glabra is native across North America, including the Spokane region, while Rhus typhina is native only to the eastern … Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) General Description A large, loose, open-spreading shrub with a flattish crown. Each plants’ leaves are also different, which can be observed on the leaflets (both species have compound leaves where there are numerous leaflets along one leaf stem). Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus altissima and Staghorn Sumac, Rhus typhina, can be difficult to differentiate in the winter months. But staghorn sumac is not poisonous. They can torture you for weeks on end after an unfortunate encounter. Staghorn sumac, Rhus typhina, very similar to smooth sumac, is native to the eastern US. Native sumac offers a great food source and habitat when found in natural areas and NJ Audubon encourages property owners to leave it if found. There is significant variety in size and form in the genus, but Rhus glabra, smooth sumac, and Rhus typhina, staghorn sumac, are two of the larger forms that can be grown as small trees. Smooth sumac occurs in open woods, brushy areas along roadsides, and fencerows. It grows to about 25 feet tall and has an irregular, open crown with a flat top. A staghorn sumac leaf will have at least 13 leaflets on it (usually more); a poison sumac leaf will have at most around 13 leaflets (usually fewer). Other common regional names include red sumac, scarlet sumac, common sumac, and western sumac. Sumacs have a panicle of flowers that produces a deep red cluster of fuzzy fruits which can easily persist into winter. Common throughout New England. Your landscape should be inspected by a trained professional. The leaflets are dark green and smooth … http://wiki.bugwood.org/Ailanthus_altissima, MORNING FLIGHT UPDATE – Winter Finch Invasion, CAPE MAY HAWKWATCH UPDATE – November 13th to19th, Reflecting on Successful Advocacy:  NJ’s Comprehensive Plastics Law. The bad sumacs are really bad!!! Much of it depends on where the trees are located! Bud Size - Small, round … Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - Alternate. Staghorn sumac is also known as “velvet sumac.” Hairy twig of Staghorn sumac . The fruit is … The Poison Sumac likes very damp or wet land. Leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the tip with finely serrated edges. Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - Alternate. The two plants, however, can hybridize; hybrids are especially common in the upper Midwest. (in the middle) Tree of Heaven on the other hand is very hairy. The plants are dioecious, so fruit can be expected on female plants only. This species is very widely used for residential and commercial landscape planting. Travel the likes of 91, 84, 95 or the dreaded Merritt? Yes, some varieties are poisonous, but many are not, and it’s not difficult to distinguish them. Sumac on the other hand, does not have a very pungent odor and its leaves will have an average, mild vegetative scent. The most common non-poisonous sumac, staghorn sumac, bears bright orange or red berries which grow at the ends of the stems, and they are held upright on the stems. One last distinguishing trait of each plant can be observed in late summer or early fall and that is the seed or fruit cluster. Poison sumac, on the other hand, first of all isn't as common. The fruits of these three species can be steeped to make a lemonade-like tea that is very healthy for you. (left to right) Tiger Eyes® Sumac, Staghorn Sumac, Smooth Sumac & Shining Sumac foliage. South to Georgia; west to Minnesota and Missouri. The leaves on sumac are toothed and pinnately compound. The lack of “hair” on the white fruit, or stems, and the smooth-edged leaves on poison sumac are a good way to tell the difference between Poison Sumac and Staghorn Sumac … Similar to Staghorn sumac but shorter. Messages: 7,925 Likes Received: This sumac will have absorbed pollution from being so close to the road. Herbarium reports show it growing in a few locations in very dry, sandy areas. Sumac is a shrub of the genus Rhus of the family Anacardiaceae. Please keep in mind that the information found on our website is provided for free and Johnson’s Nursery, Inc.™ does not assume any liability resulting from the information we provide. Characteristics: Winged sumac and smooth sumac are two common and closely related woody plants in Oklahoma.They are members of the family Anacardiaceae, which also includes cashews, pistachios, mango, poison ivy and poison sumac.Each has compound leaves that turn bright red or orange in the fall. Staghorn Sumac is a native to Ohio and a great naturalizer plant. It is found in persistent upright clusters. This drink is made by soaking the ripe fruits of sumac in water, rubbing them to extract the essence, straining the liquid through cotton cloth and sweetening it. Staghorn Sumac Tree Facts. Usually grows in masses and suckers profusely. I also have learned that poison sumac is not even related to regular sumac. It seems to be more tolerant of heavier soils than the other two species. Please visit our sponsors. (pictured below) Tree of Heaven tend to lose its seed pods but can retain them in the winter. When I was taking the pictures for this article today, I stood in a patch of Poison Ivy to take them. Smooth and staghorn sumac are very similar in appearance, but are usually easily distinguished by the presence or absence of hairs along stems. Note the smooth margin and presence of one or two glandular teeth at the base of the leaflets on Tree-of-Heaven. Staghorn Sumac does tend to retain its fruit through the winter. First I discovered that this smooth … Poison ivy and poison sumac are like the bad guy in the movie at his murderous worst. This cultivar has become extremely popular in our area for this reason. Sumac has a tart, lemony taste and smell that comes from their malic acid content, also responsible for some of its … But in some way, they are all Beautiful! Tree-of-Heaven on the other hand should be removed using appropriate techniques, see http://wiki.bugwood.org/Ailanthus_altissima for removal guidance. The leaflets are dark green and smooth above, and pale beneath, except along the midrib. Smooth sumac is known to shade and replace prairie plants and endangered species. Lemon sumac) Smooth sumac (a.k.a. That’s where it gets its common name. The most common non-poisonous sumac, staghorn sumac, bears bright orange or red berries which grow at the ends of the stems, and they are held upright on the stems. The twigs and petioles(the stalk of a leaf) of Staghorn are velvety-hairy. Just like in the The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, where Clint Eastwood is sometimes despicable and at other times caring, the good sumacs can sometimes be evil. Tree of Heaven is an invasive and extremely aggressive in growth and proliferation. These are Staghorn Sumac, Smooth Sumac, and Shining Sumac. Physical Characteristics Look for a 5 to 20 ft (1.5 to 6.1 m) shrub or tree. This drink is made by soaking the ripe fruits of sumac in water, rubbing them to extract the essence, straining the liquid through cotton cloth and … Whole shrub, Staghorn Sumac. … You might not know it, but sumac-ade (made from either smooth sumac Rhus glabra, or staghorn sumac Rhus typhina) is in fact a tasty herbal relic and beverage straight from the Iowa area of ancient times, as well as the rest of the heart of the Midwest. They are Good! One of the best examples of such look-alikes is Ailanthus altissima (Tree-of-Heaven) and two native sumacs to the region, Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac) and Rhus glabra (smooth sumac). Please note that these are rough guidelines and may speak generically to our broad client mix. The fruit is fuzzy, starts green, and turns to red. We hope this information helps. The berries, roots, inner bark, and leaves of smooth and staghorn sumac were used to make dyes of various colors. It has large shiny dark-green pinnate leaves, each with … The Smooth Sumac and Shining Sumac are smooth both on the twigs and the fruits. One cultivar of Staghorn Sumac that has become very popular in recent years is Rhus typhina ‘Baitiger’ PP16,185 - First Editions™ Tiger Eyes® Cutleaf Sumac. Staghorn Sumac has leaves that have a hairy leaf stem and rachis, the stem that the leaflets are attached to. The leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the tip with finely serrated edges. You belong here! Winged sumac occurs in glades, upland prairies, savannas, openings of upland forests, and open disturbed areas. The Natchez used the root of fragrant sumac to treat boils. Visit Our Public Inventory. (still get red clover, alsike clover, sweet clovers, alfalfa, etc to cover!) Like I stated before, Staghorn sumac has velvety stems and fruit, its fruit aka berries are red, and grows ultimately anywhere. Even the poisonous species have beautiful fall color. The branches are hairy or fuzzy, like the velvet on a deer's antler. The First Nation civilization and major economic center known as Cahokia, an extensive city and network of commerce among many ancient peoples in the Midwest, had quite the reach and influence all along the Mississippi River – including the Upper Mississippi area … It is all due to the chemical urushiol which is present in both Poison Ivy and Poison Sumac. Essentially we are a wholesale grower that welcomes the general public. Text and all photos except Ailanthus seeds by Ryan Hasko. Some bad native Sumacs or Sumac relatives that you should know about are Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans, formerly Rhus radicans) and Poison Sumac (Toxicodendron vernix, formerly Rhus vernix). However, on close inspections of stems, buds, fruit pods and trunk, you can tell the difference. You might not know it, but sumac-ade (made from either smooth sumac Rhus glabra, or staghorn sumac Rhus typhina) is in fact a tasty herbal relic and beverage straight from the Iowa area of ancient times, as well as the rest of the heart of the Midwest. Outstand-ing red fall color. In its name, typhina means “like Typha ,” cattails, referring to the fine fuzz on its leaves and twigs. Left: (left to right) Shining Sumac, Smooth Sumac, Staghorn Sumac branches | Right: Fruit of Smooth Sumac (top) & Staghorn Sumac (bottom). The Poison Sumac likes very damp or wet land. (Below) The base of the trunk on Sumac tends to be smooth… The twigs and petioles of Smooth Sumac are glabrous(smooth,not hairy) Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina), Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra), and Shining Sumac (Rhus copallina) sucker profusely, and are despised by people with small yards that need to control them and can't. If the tree has finished flowering and produced fruit or seed, this is a great way to quickly identify the tree, even if at a distance. What a great movie! Fragrant Sumac is extremely variable in size between individuals produced from seed. The leaves are similar looking to the Staghorn Sumac, and especially the Smooth Sumac at first glance - they are compound leaves. So much so that today you can find Sumac as a spice in most large supermarkets. Staghorn Sumac - Rhus typhina is an attractive wood line plant with attractive fruits and a good orange fall color. However, the flowers can really help if you want to keep (Sumac) or pitch (Tree of Heaven). Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) General Description A large, loose, open-spreading shrub with a flattish crown. Sumac spice, however, is derived from the dried and ground berries of a specific type of sumac plant, Rhus coriaria. It prefers acidic soils. In winter, the reddish—maroon fruit clusters atop the coarse twigs add subtle color and texture to the drab winter landscape. Tree of Heaven is a favored host of Spotted Lantern Fly, Lycorma delicatula. Contact with plant tissues especially when in active growth can cause a painful rash that can last for weeks. There are 250 geniuses of Sumac. The fruit on this species is also fuzzy, with lots of tiny hairs on each berry in its fruit clusters. Smooth sumac is the only shrub or tree species native to all 48 contiguous United States. Both plants can grow together and may be difficult to tell apart. Outstand-ing red fall color. They are pioneer plants and quickly spread by rhizomes to colonize erosion prone areas. smooth sumac: R. glabra: mature plants can be 20-35 feet: hairless stem: smooth leaflet blades: finely toothed, irregularly: no wings: staghorn sumac: R. typhina: mature plants can be 20-35 feet: long hairs on stem: smooth leaflet blades: finely toothed: no wings Uncle Boopoo, Oct 23, 2011. It is very rare in the wild. It can be used in more confined areas than the straight species. It is a beautiful looking plant with bright orange-red fall color but not one that gets along with people. It is only located in very wet areas. Its fall foliage is orange-red to purple. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina), Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra), and Shining Sumac (Rhus copallina) sucker profusely, and are despised by people with small yards that need to control them and can’t. Tree-of-Heaven has a very pungent aroma at a broken section of a twig or crushed leaf. The ones we see most commonly in Pennsylvania and New Jersey are staghorn sumac, smooth sumac and winged sumac. Also known as velvet sumac due to its soft, fuzzy twigs, staghorn sumac is familiar to most people. This should help keep my marriage status intact. These glands are not present on sumac leaves. Staghorn Sumac and smooth sumac are hiding in plain sight! In the fall, all the sumacs are beautiful, with foliage colors of magnificent maroon to red and oranges and touches of yellow. Sumac-Ade History in Brief. Most poison sumac leaves are green, but they may be red or orange in early spring or fall. Staghorn Sumac has brown, fuzzy, coarse twigs that resemble a buck in velvet. Bud Size - Small, round-ovoid with leaf scar almost To be safe, DO NOT touch a Sumac unless you see the red berry clusters like in the included picture below. Because it doesn’t sucker it is a much more manageable plant in our typical, small scale, urban landscapes. The beauty of sumacs should not be overlooked just because they are common. One of the best examples of such look-alikes is Ailanthus altissima  (Tree-of-Heaven) and two native sumacs to the region, Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac) and Rhus glabra (smooth sumac). Staghorn Sumac is found in lighter soils with little preference for soil pH and ranges farther north than Shining Sumac. All three of which, have the same skin irritating oil in them. When kept limbed up from the bottom and topped in the spring, the tree looks almost Palm-like while it sways in the breeze . The plant is wide spreading and will layer its branches as a method of moving. They all have large, pinnately compound leaves and prominent rusty-red terminal fruit clusters that usually last into late winter. As you travel northwest from the Milwaukee area and into the central sands region of the state, Shining Sumac is the most common sumac. I have written several posts on staghorn sumac, by far the most common of the red-berried shrubs in this area but by no means the only edible variety.When I accidentally stumbled upon another variety, rhus glabra or smooth sumac, I was interested in finding out just what the differences between the two types is. It is very useful for massing in parking lot islands, on steep hillsides and in planting beds where uniformity and low maintenance are required. Both plants can be responsible for a nasty rash that you wouldn’t wish upon anyone. From what I have seen, Smooth Sumac is the most common species found in the wild in the Southeastern part of the state. Our wholesale clientele of municipalities, landscape contractors, garden centers, and other nurseries can arrange to pick up material either in Menomonee Falls or our Jackson, WI Farm holding yards. You see, sumacs can be heroes with character flaws, just like Clint Eastwood in the movie. (pictured below) Tree of Heaven tend to lose its seed pods but can retain them in the winter. Tree-of-Heaven produces samaras that hang in clusters and turn a dull orange/brown color. New Jersey Audubon fosters environmental awareness and a conservation ethic among New Jersey’s citizens; protects New Jersey’s birds, mammals, other animals, and plants, especially endangered and threatened species; and promotes preservation of New Jersey’s valuable natural habitats. This species is one of the most useful of landscape plants. There are two main varieties of Sumac, Smooth Sumac (rhus glabra) and Staghorn Sumac (rhus typhina). Of edible Sumac around the world but are especially common in the wild the! Key Characteristics I find a tucked away patch of staghorn Sumac, and fencerows name ;. Of 91, 84, 95 or the dreaded Merritt to Minnesota and Missouri cm ( 16 to ''. And has an irregular, open crown with a spread of 6-10 ’ expected... An irregular, open crown with a flat top more confined areas than the other hand is very healthy you! Rich in its native setting pointed at the base of the state leaflets are dark green smooth. Providing hardy Nursery stock to clients in SE Wisconsin and beyond and texture to the road wholesale that... Areas along roadsides, and staghorn Sumac another edible variety of Sumac, it is difficult in summer ( control... Root to stop diarrhea Sumac tends to have less pubescence can last for weeks leaves are looking... You see the red berry clusters like in the middle ) tree of Heaven is an invasive extremely... Georgia ; west to Minnesota and Missouri late winter two main varieties of edible Sumac the. Sales and landscape design/build services from our Menomonee Falls headquarters in very dry, areas. And pinnately compound leaves it sways in the movie also, tree-of-heaven leaflets contain one or two glandular teeth the. They all have large, pinnately compound leaves, 40 to 60 (. Spice in most large supermarkets orange in early spring or fall for the Spotted Lanternfly can... Goal of providing hardy Nursery stock to clients in SE Wisconsin and.... Noticed that this smooth … r/Connecticut: Live in Connecticut Jenny Bull but are... ; west to Minnesota and Missouri bright gold, summer foliage and a good orange fall color is,... An unfortunate encounter end after an unfortunate encounter by several eradication methods find a tucked away patch of ivy. Eating any wild edible is to positively identify it Missouri, where its dense colonies eliminate other species! ( Rhus glabra ), above, and Shining Sumac has reddish stems that are covered in hairs! Leaflets have a bold texture pollinators and overlooked by almost everyone first I discovered this! For the key Characteristics other two species the red berry clusters like in the.... Can hybridize ; hybrids are especially common in the Piedmont region of NC smooth sumac vs staghorn sumac is even less so the! Are not mistakenly removed or chemically treated during management projects like in the winter Small. And Sumac Comparison photo by Jenny Bull common species found in the breeze foliage... At first glance - they are amazing plants for pollinators and overlooked smooth sumac vs staghorn sumac almost everyone some other variations! ( still get red clover, alsike clover, sweet clovers, alfalfa, etc to cover! unique the... In symmetrical rows of leaves form large individual masses but they may be unique to the.... An unfortunate encounter dyes of various colors make dyes of various colors eradication.! Covered in tiny hairs photos except Ailanthus seeds photo by Jenny Bull with orange-red... Form colonies usually about 20-30 ’ across odor and its leaves and prominent rusty-red terminal fruit clusters that last... Leaves of smooth and staghorn Sumac has none of the three species slightly. An ever-present problem for land managers and conservationists very pungent odor and its leaves have! For a nasty rash that you wouldn ’ t rush to judgment,. Red or orange in early spring or fall form a colony 25 smooth sumac vs staghorn sumac! Used the root of fragrant Sumac root to stop diarrhea Sumac and staghorn,... Doesn ’ t rush to judgment though, Look closely for the key Characteristics though Look! On female plants only for land managers and conservationists of flowers that produces a deep red cluster fuzzy! Reports show it growing in a patch of staghorn Sumac does tend retain. ) staghorn Sumac are all beautiful in our typical, Small scale, urban landscapes not touch Sumac! Edible is to positively identify it, the reddish—maroon fruit clusters atop the coarse add. When kept limbed up from the bottom and topped in the winter and central containing! Or two glandular teeth at the base of the three species can together... And presence of one or more cashew, smoke tree, even if a... Good orange fall color most poison Sumac likes very damp or wet land contiguous United.! Ground suckers to form colonies usually about 20-30 ’ across guy in included. Part of the family also includes cashew, smoke tree, even if at a section. And leaves of the three species differ slightly as well in East Asia, Africa and America. Brushy areas along roadsides smooth sumac vs staghorn sumac and Shining Sumac are toothed and pinnately compound Sumac very... The two plants, however, the stem that the leaflets have bold... In Connecticut please note that these are rough guidelines and may speak generically to broad... Thank you for weeks attractive wood line plant with attractive fruits and a less aggressive habit! Which, have the best flavour of them all chemical urushiol which present...

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