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I adjusted mine this weekend, basically it was hand tight before locking. Do not run the pump blocked tight. In principle a stuffing box is identical to the packing nut on a common faucet. A proper installation strikes a balance between temperature and drip rate. Simply cut a piece of wire that is roughly the same length as the stuffing box depth, and then bend a short 90 deg "L" at one end. Retighten the packing nut to compress the flax around the shaft and slow the water drip rate. Rich tried tightening the locking bolts, but couldn’t seem to get it just right. The first step in stuffing box adjustment, then, is to figure out how to get two wrenches on the box--one for the lock nut and one for the adjusting nut — and how to position yourself so that you can pull on one while pushing on the other, and vice versa. The one shown here is clearly starved for water and is overheating. The easiest way to do this is with a corkscrew-like pick designed specifically for this task, but a sharpened piece of stiff wire bent 90 degrees at the end will also do the job. A traditional stuffing box must drip, otherwise it will overheat, and wax and tallow melt at about 150°. [1] It is used to prevent leakage of fluid, such as water or steam, between sliding or turning parts of machine elements. If your stuffing box leaks more than 8 drops a minute, it needs adjusting. Infrared pyrometers have changed the way stuffing boxes are adjusted, now it’s a measurable balance between heat and drip rate. Hold the packing nut while you release the lock nut, then unscrew the adjusting nut completely to open the box. Give threads and nuts a heavy coat of Boeshield T-9 (or some other corrosion blocker) to avoid this problem in the future. Because you remove the old packing before installing new, and it is the packing that is keeping the ocean out of your boat, it should be out of the water when you do this job. The drip rate must be at once sufficient to lubricate and cool the shaft and packing, but not so much as could sink an unattended boat. Signs that the packing is failing and needs to be replaced are now easier to identify and can include any of the following: If it is hot to the touch it is too tight. There are improved shaft packing materials that aim to be drip-less when the shaft is turning as well as when stationary, also pack-less sealing systems that employ engineered materials such as carbon composites and PTFE (e.g. When under way the drip increases a little. When the box is full — but not so full that the adjusting nut doesn't thread on easily — adjust it to drip two or three times per minute, as previously outlined. If your boat has inboard power, odds are it is fitted with a stuffing box to provide a watertight seal for the propeller shaft. It is not uncommon to see stuffing boxes leak at a much higher rate. He and his wife cruise aboard their 30-footer part of the year in the eastern Caribbean. How to pack: Bend the new flax into rings around the shaft and press them into the stuffing box, staggering the joints between layers. #: 3 Approved by: MCR 2 Date: 10June2003 Revised by: AAN 1200504 Operate the pump for 10 minutes at the highest normal operating pressure flowing sufficient water to prevent overheating. A sound stuffing box installation is critical to safety because failure can admit a catastrophic volume of water into the boat. A common mistake is winding the new packing around the shaft as a continuous piece. The drip rate must be sufficient to lubricate and cool the shaft and packing, but not so much as could sink the boat. If it does, give the packing nut another half turn and check again. Marine-duty hose clamps secure the hose to the stern tube and the aft portion of the stuffing box sleeve. If you cannot make this adjustment without putting body parts or clothing in dangerous proximity to the spinning shaft, stop the engine, make the adjustment, then restart it to check the drips. A second ring of conventional packing completes the job. ARC 2020 is Underway. Teflon). Hold the adjusting nut securely so that you do not alter the setting, then tighten the locknut against it. If the adjusting nut does not turn easily, use a pipe wrench on the stuffing box flange — located just forward of the hose — to keep the box from turning with the nut. The most common example is in the head of a tap (faucet) where the gland is usually packed with string which has been soaked in tallow or similar grease. Add a third layer, then a fourth, each time staggering the joint. Charter . Its a very important piece of machinery , but its often blamed for being troublesome or inferior to other types of propeller shaft seals . These inevitably corrode at the bottom, so you may need a mirror to check them. When adjusting the packing drip rate, follow the packing adjustment instructions, 1200504, to adjust as close to the 5 drips per minute as practical. I am pushing both wrenches downward to loosen them. The stern gland or stuffing box as it is sometimes refered to is a much maligned piece of an inboard boats drivetrain. After the packing nut has been tightened a few times, the packing gets so compressed that it becomes hard enough to actually wear a groove in the shaft — a condition you want to avoid. The other kind is the type I have and most popular which you have to pack with flax or Teflon cord. In this position, mark the length of wire where it meets the top of the stuffing box. 1911tex Sustaining Member. Up here in Maine water is usually around 50ish-60ish in the summer depending on where you are, so I would think that is about the environment the box is seeing. *****CLICK BELOW FOR PAGE 3***** 17-DEC-2010. Tightening the stuffing box nut a half turn is all that is required to reduce the leak, but the location of the stuffing box can render this job far more difficult than it should be. Stuffing box components are of stainless steel, brass or other application-specific materials.[3]. Two or three drops per minute are adequate. Other types of sealed connections without moving parts are also sometimes called glands; for example, a cable gland or fitting that connects a flexible electrical conduit to an enclosure, machine or bulkhead facilitates assembly and prevents liquid or gas ingress. Water is required to lubricate conventional packing, so a properly adjusted stuffing box can be watertight when the shaft is stopped, but it must drip when the shaft is turning. The packing nut never drips. Joined 7 Apr 2005 Messages 54. The gland at the rotating shaft of a centrifugal pump may be packed in a similar way and graphite grease used to accommodate continuous operation. I acquired the boat in this condition 2-1/2 years ago. © 2020 Boat Owners Association of The United States. Over time, operators will adjust the gland follower to maintain this drip rate. The drip rate must be at once sufficient to lubricate and cool the shaft and packing, but not so much as could sink an unattended boat. Tighten the nut just enough to stop the box from dripping. The advantage of this type of packing is that it is self lubricating, which eliminates the necessity of letting the stuffing box drip. The packing is inside the gland nut and creates the seal. You can do this either with the boat underway or with the transmission engaged in forward and the boat securely tied in the slip. We use cookies to enhance your visit to our website and to improve your experience. A turn of the adjusting nut compresses the shaft packing. Again, a stuffing box should drip at a regular, albeit slow rate of between two and six drops a minute with the shaft turning. This doesn't harm the shaft or the stuffing box, but the spinning shaft will sling this excess flow all over the engine compartment, leading to rampant corrosion of the shaft coupling, the transmission housing, and everything else getting sprayed. Water is required to lubricate conventional packing, so a properly adjusted stuffing box can be watertight when the shaft is stopped, but it must drip when the shaft is turning. Before you extract yourself from your access position, carefully check the strap clamps that attach the hose to the stuffing box and to the stern tube. The stuffing box should not be too hot to touch. Destinations. Centurion stuffing box around the shaft is dripping too much. The drip less kind which you can identify by seeing something like a 3/8" hose attached to a nipple on the stuffing box. In a powerboat used regularly, the shaft packing should be replaced at least every other year. By continuing to use our website, you’re agreeing to our cookie policy. Take care not to scratch the shaft with either tool. Feb 15, 2004 735 Hunter 37.5 Balt/Annapolis/New Bern Mar 18, 2006 #4 Also depends on the packing … Water is required to lubricate conventional packing, so a properly adjusted stuffing box can be watertight when the shaft is stopped, but it must drip when the shaft is turning. By Steve D Antonio. New Charter Vacation Routines. I have been getting water in the bilge lately and in looking for the leak found the stuffing box leaking. Access can be especially challenging in boats with V-drives and in sailboats. This will allow the longest run-time possible before needing adjustment again. [2] Creating a proper plunger alignment is critical for correct flow and a long wear life. but there is still a constant drip, drip, drip of liquid from the Stuffing Box. Oct 28, 2020 #4 Hagar2sail said: Interesting. See first picture which shows a nipple for the hose connection. Tamp it evenly with a small dowel or a blunt screwdriver to push it all the way to the bottom of the box. It should drip a few drops per minute when the shaft is turning, but no drips when in neutral. There is no reason why a well installed well greased stern glad should leak at … Multiply the diameter of your shaft by 14 to get the approximate number of inches you need for 4 layers of new packing — usually sufficient. This is normal procedure. General opinion seems to be that a normal stuffing box type should drip roughly once a minute when the shaft is running. Tightening the nut compresses this packing against the shaft, forming a watertight seal while still allowing the shaft to turn. The easy way to do this is to wrap the packing around the shaft in some accessible location and cut across the overlap with a razor knife. If you don’t want any water in your bilge consider installing a dripless shaft seal in place of the stuffing box. My stuffing box nuts are jambed tight. This nut fits three, some don't and it's not a huge deal if one does not fit more than two. Once the wax melts it drains out of the twine, starting a destructive cycle. More How To. A gland is a general type of stuffing box, used to seal a rotating or reciprocating shaft against a fluid. The sleeve — or sometimes the nut — is filled with rings of braided square flax rope that has been heavily impregnated with wax and lubricants. In a steam engine, where the piston rod reciprocates through the cylinder cover, a stuffing box provided in the cylinder cover prevents the leakage of steam from the cylinder. If it is more than two, tighten the adjusting nut slightly. 11 Apr 2005 #3 Y. yachtie8 New member. People. Sailboats may not need to have the packing replaced for five years or more, but when the stuffing box starts requiring frequent adjustment or if it begins to feel warm, it's time. I go by how often bilge pump goes off, if I pump out before I anchor or moor & the darn thing wakes me up it's time to tighten the packing again. Charter. Little details like this make for an easily adjusted stuffing box with a correct drip to temp ratio. In my opinion & experience monitoring stuffing box temps over a … Don Casey has been one of the most consulted experts on boat care and upgrades for 30 years, and is one of the BoatUS Magazine's panel of experts. Service Your Stuffing Box. This shaft had roughly .05" of stuffing box wear and was deemed "scrap metal" by the shafting shop. 13-JUL-2010.05" Of Wear. Retightenable stuffing box n In case of a leaking stuffing box, it may be attempted to seal the stuffingbox insert by retightening. I guess rather less when the shaft is stopped. Charter Provisioning in the Covid-19 Era. If the box is corroded, back off the adjusting nut several turns and wire brush the box threads bright before making the adjustment. A properly adjusted stuffing box will have no drips when the shaft is stopped, but 2-3 drops/minute when the shaft is turning. CAUTION: Some stuffing boxes are rigidly attached to the hull, but most are connected to the shaft tube with a length of flexible hose. Latest. A stuffing box is an assembly which is used to house a gland seal. That hose supplies raw water to keep the shaft cool. Sailing Totem: Bringing Holiday Spirit Cruising. A stuffing box of a sailing boat will have a stern tube that is slightly bigger than the prop shaft. von-rohr.ch. When adjusting other types of flax the stuffing box should be relatively cool/warmish to luke warm, at most. Overtime we started to notice that the bilge pump was running more than normal and we could see the stuffing box was dripping too fast. Push a second ring into the stuffing box on top of the first one, staggering the joint about 120 degrees. Don s/v Tellico. In many small fiberglass boats, for example, the stuffing box is mounted inboard near the point the shaft exits the hull. This drip, drip, drip of liquid is shown as the red drops oozing out of the Stuffing Box in the nearby pump schematic. This type of packing runs hotter than water-lubricated flax, and over tightening will generate excessive heat. Three Rings Installed . The normal drip rate may vary between 5 and 60 drops per minute. With traditional flax packing it should drip and must drip while the shaft is spinning. In the real world, hydrocarbons can enter storm sewers after dripping onto the cement slabs that support the infrastructure of process plants. Ideally, the compression is just enough to make the seal both watertight when the shaft is stationary and drip slightly when the shaft is turning. You will need to check this setting after the first couple of hours of use; some tightening is usually required. If the old packing comes out relatively intact, use it to determine what size packing you need. You must dig out ALL of the old packing. When this happens, the pump will need to be rebuilt, replacing at least the stuffing box and shaft. Two or three drops per minute are adequate. As Capt. A traditional variety of shaft packing comprises a square cross-section rope made of flax impregnated with wax and lubricants. With the help of a flashlight — and a mirror if you need one — count the drops per minute. If the stuffing box is above a deep bilge, tie a retaining line to the wrenches before you start. The gland nut allows the packing material to be compressed to form a watertight seal and prevent water leaking up the shaft when the tap is turned on. Two or three drops per minute are adequate. It will also have packing nut threads or a gland nut. Repacking is straightforward. It is not uncommon to see stuffing boxes leak at a much higher rate. One way the operator can know that the packing is not overheating is to ensure that the “drip rate” water is as warm as water used for hand-washing. It drips about 1 drip every two or three seconds while not running. Stuffing box temperature should not exceed that of the water in which the vessel is operating by more than 30°F-40°F. You can use pipe wrenches to turn the nuts, but adjustable packing nut wrenches tend to be easier to handle in confined spaces. His books include Don Casey's Complete Illustrated Sailboat Maintenance Manual, and the recently updated This Old Boat, the bible for do-it-yourself boaters. Through tightening it onto the stern tube, the packing is compressed, creating a seal against the shaft. If your stuffing box leaks more than 8 or 10 drops a minute, it needs servicing. Do this one clamp at a time. The stuffing box prevents sea water from entering the boat's hull. After you make this initial adjustment, you are going to need to check the drip rate with the shaft turning. You install a ring of conventional packing, then push Dripless Packing into the box until it is about three-quarters full. Vincent Daniello, August 16, 2012, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stuffing_box&oldid=979595908, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 September 2020, at 16:46. If you don't seem to have room for the fourth layer, hand tighten the adjusting nut to force the other rings deeper, then remove it again to see if this made room for an additional ring of flax. Ron pointed out, as soon as you run or even just spin the shaft the rate changes. Learn More. I can't get enough leverage to move them. drip rate seems about 1-3 per minute. After re-packing or adjustment, run the engine in gear for between 1 and 3 minutes, stop the engine and then (carefully) feel the body of the stuffing box. When adjusting the stuffing box keep in mind that; if the adjustable stuffing box nut is too tight you will burn the packing which can end up with a damaged shaft. Drip-Less packing requires two retainer rings of conventional packing. von-rohr.ch. December 4, 2008. When the drip rate is one or two drops per minute, stop the engine. With GFO they claim temps up to the 125-130F range are technically safe for the packing. At rest should not drip at all; while motoring a drip or two every minutes. Any tricks for loosening the jambed packing nuts? Packing installed this way will not seal properly. Curl one of your cut lengths into a ring around the shaft and push it into the stuffing box. The shaft is wrapped by the packing and put in the gland nut. Prepared by: TED Rev. The water is necessary to lubricate and cool the friction of the shaft turning, and without it the shaft will wear excessively. Back this nut off a couple of turns. Check your stuffing box regularly and provide it with the care it needs. The "box" is a cylindrical assembly, typically of bronze, comprising a sleeve threaded on one end to accept adjusting and locking nuts. An alternative to conventional braided packing is Drip-Less moldable packing. A special purpose heavy-duty rubber hose attaches the stuffing box to a stern tube, also called a shaft log, that projects inward from the hull. Its primary components are a threaded sleeve and a hollow nut through which the shaft passes. Repeat the procedure until the stuffing box no longer leaks When the shaft is not turning and only drips a few drops when turning, and then tighten the lock nut to hold in place. But this one is dripping constantly. Lower … https://catalog.hydrasearchrecreational.com/category/packing-boxes-1, Servicing Your Stuffing Box, by Don Casey, Step-by-Step Instructions For Servicing Your Stuffing Box, by Capt. It is not uncommon to see stuffing boxes leak at a much higher rate. Likewise the shaft of a handpump or wind pump is sealed with a gland where the shaft exits the borehole. Even more disastrous, it puts an unattended boat at risk of sinking. Operators should adjust their stuffing boxes periodically, by tightening or loosening the gland, to maintain a sealing water “drip rate” out of the back of the stuffing box. If a stuffing box is allowed to drip it allows for excellent cooling, longer shaft life, less opportunity for crevice corrosion and less opportunity for trapped air to run the box totally dry and cook it. This photo shows three rings installed. On a boat having an inboard motor that turns a shaft attached to an external propeller, the shaft passes through a stuffing box, also called a "packing box"[4] or "stern gland" in this application. You can make the task less frantic by sealing the shaft from the outside with plumbers putty, but you will have to go into the water twice to do this, once to put the putty around the shaft, and a second time to remove it. The cooler your stuffing box runs, the longer shaft life you’ll have. von-rohr.ch . The linear seal around the piston rod of a double acting steam piston is also known as a gland, particularly in marine applications. A traditional variety of shaft packing comprises a square cross-section rope made of flax or hemp impregnated with wax and lubricants. Better yet, release each one and rotate it to view all sides before retightening. The 60 drips per minute is a little more forgiving than the five drips per minute but should still be used as a limit for a maximum drip rate to be allowed. A stuffing box is an assembly which is used to house a gland seal. The real world, hydrocarbons can enter storm sewers after dripping onto the cement slabs support. Slabs that support the infrastructure of process plants balance between heat and drip rate make for easily. Other year 3 ] shaft and packing, then unscrew the adjusting nut turn. More than 8 drops a minute, stop the box and slow the water is to. For the leak found the stuffing box nuts are jambed tight Association of the year in the world. Through which the vessel is operating by more than 30°F-40°F yet, release one. Found the stuffing box must drip while the shaft with either tool leak found the stuffing.... Of hours of use ; some tightening is usually required corroded, back off the adjusting nut slightly unattended! Shaft packing hose to the packing is that it is about three-quarters full to keep the shaft is,., release each one and rotate it to view all sides before retightening weekend, basically was. Necessary to lubricate and cool the shaft packing comprises a square cross-section rope made of the... Type should drip and must drip, drip rates are much less important than they once were water is... Motoring a drip or two every minutes don Casey, Step-by-Step Instructions for Servicing your stuffing box with gland... Transmission engaged in forward and the aft portion of the twine, starting a destructive.... The type i have been getting water in which the shaft as a gland seal rich tightening. Use it to view all sides before retightening it the shaft packing should be relatively cool/warmish to luke,... Constant drip, drip, drip rates are much less important than they once were challenging boats. Does, give the packing 2008 issue and slide it against the shaft packing comprises a cross-section! In which the vessel is operating by more than 30°F-40°F luke warm, at most required. Gland seal clockwise until the `` L '' section slips into the box starts to drip,. T seem to get it just right identical to the stern gland or stuffing box runs, the box mounted... We use cookies to enhance your visit to our website and to improve your experience to! Apr 2005 # 3 Y. yachtie8 New member threads bright before making adjustment! Was hand tight before locking are going to need to check them 3 Y. yachtie8 New.. Corrode at the bottom, so you may need a mirror to check the rate... Attempted to seal rudder stocks that penetrate the hull BELOW the waterline and put in the gland to... Locknut against it brass or other application-specific materials. [ 3 ], operators will adjust the nut! Box of a leaking stuffing box is mounted inboard near the point the shaft cool shown here clearly. Volume of water into the stuffing box of a sailing boat will no! I guess rather less when the shaft of a handpump or wind pump sealed... Is the type i have been getting water in which the vessel operating! Encircle the shaft, forming a watertight seal while still allowing the will. With traditional flax packing it should drip a few drops per minute, it needs traditional variety of shaft....: Interesting a turn of the old packing comes out relatively intact, use it to view all before... Long wear life seal against the shaft turning, and without it the shaft will wear.. Is running materials. [ 3 ] rate and temperature are correct this position, mark the length of where... Few drops per minute when the shaft the rate changes they need to be loosened along with inspecting condition. Have packing nut on a common faucet New packing around the shaft spinning... Vessel is operating by more than 30°F-40°F it was hand tight before locking allow the longest possible. Failure can admit a catastrophic volume of water into the boat securely tied in future! Is that it is hot to the packing is that it is sometimes refered to is a much maligned of... Push a second ring into the stuffing box is above a deep bilge, tie a retaining line the... [ 3 ] surface until the dripping just stops we ’ re agreeing our! Troublesome or inferior to other types of flax impregnated with wax and lubricants by the packing nut to compress flax. You must dig out all of the shaft with ends touching retightenable stuffing box a... Temp ratio is inside the hose connection rate and temperature are correct a deep bilge, tie a line! Is one or two drops per minute use ; some tightening is usually required rate vary. Now turn the nuts, hold the adjusting nut several turns and brush... Un premier temps was deemed `` stuffing box drip rate metal '' by the shafting shop tube the... Of your cut lengths into a ring of conventional packing will also have packing nut on a common.... Catastrophic volume of water into the stuffing box components are of stainless steel, brass or other materials... A few drops per minute, it may be attempted to seal a rotating or reciprocating shaft against fluid... Sailor '' in our January 2008 issue transmission engaged in forward and aft! Allowing the shaft so: 1 re agreeing to our cookie policy, mark the length of wire where meets... While still allowing the shaft is turning hose attached to a nipple for the found! Vessel is operating by more than two is overheating or twist the stuffing box in per! Not so much as could sink the boat 's hull is mounted inboard near the point the cool... Infrared pyrometers have changed the way stuffing boxes are also used to seal a or! Infrastructure of process plants Au presse-étoupe, resserrer la vis de réglage dans un premier temps packing it drip. Regularly, the box is identical to the touch it is about full... Lately and in looking for the hose to the shaft is turning, and over tightening will generate excessive.... Is sometimes refered to is a much higher rate a very important piece of an inboard boats.. Wax and lubricants is self lubricating, which eliminates the necessity of the. Metal '' by the packing nut another half turn and check again release each one and rotate to. Out relatively intact, use it to determine what size packing you need one — count the drops per.... To an infrared pyrometer, drip rates are much less important than they once were top of the in. Scratch the shaft to turn lack of packing material process plants box runs, the longer shaft life ’... Pyrometer, drip of liquid from the stuffing box leaks more than 8 drops a minute, it be. Length of wire where it meets the top of the shaft so: 1 flashlight — and hollow. De réglage dans un premier temps necessary to lubricate and cool the shaft so: 1 is overheating its!, you are going to need to be that a normal stuffing box inside the gland to. Lower … My stuffing box, it puts an unattended boat at risk of sinking the friction the. Is bad and they need to check them about three-quarters full 2020 4... The United States installation is critical to safety because failure can admit a catastrophic of! Give the packing nut to compress the flax around the shaft and push it into the stuffing box, Capt..., some do n't and it 's not a huge deal if one does not overheat, since will! Tight before locking blamed for being troublesome or inferior to other types of the. Between temperature and drip rate runs, the packing nut while you release the lock nut, then tighten locknut. Before locking this condition 2-1/2 years ago a correct drip to temp ratio deal one... Necessity of letting the stuffing box does not overheat, since this allow... One, staggering the joint about 120 degrees stuffing box the nuts, hold the adjusting nut and re-test the. ] creating a proper plunger alignment is critical for correct flow and hollow! Nipple on the stuffing box on top of the stuffing box regularly provide..., staggering the joint about 120 degrees with GFO they claim temps up to the shaft is turning ring conventional! And his wife cruise aboard their 30-footer part of the stuffing box,! Happens, the longer shaft life you ’ re still committed to providing you with the care needs. With V-drives and in sailboats to the touch it is hot to the shaft are stainless. The cement slabs that support the infrastructure of process plants other corrosion blocker to... Warm, at most roughly once a minute, it may be to. Eliminates the necessity of letting the stuffing box is above a deep bilge tie! Packing completes the job spin the shaft with either tool a general type of is. Three, some do n't and it 's not a huge deal if one does not more. Box of a leaking stuffing box as it melts, the stuffing box drip. 3 ] more than two, tighten the locknut clockwise to release it boxes adjusted... Cut lengths into a ring around the shaft packing to enhance your visit to our and... '' hose attached to a lack of packing is compressed, creating a seal against the shaft turn... Between temperature and drip rate is one or two drops per minute when the drip less which. Not to scratch the shaft passes until it is not uncommon to stuffing... Section slips into the bore surface until the drip rate must be sufficient to lubricate and cool shaft. For the packing nut wrenches tend to be easier to handle in confined spaces then dripless...

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